The hard water originates from aquifers and other underground water sources that dissolve minerals like magnesium carbonate, calcium, manganese, and iron from rocks. These dissolved minerals are responsible for the “hardness” of hard water. Even though hard water doesn’t pose any health risks, it can create damaging deposits in your water heater, plumbing, and other water-using home appliances.
What’s more? Hard water makes the washing of dishes, skin, clothing, and hair quite challenging. The most efficient way to solve your hard water problems is through the use of water softeners. Fleck 5600SXT throughly reviewed on WaterSoftenerGuide.com will give you a good choice of a reliable water softener to buy. This beginner’s guide to water softeners will disclose to you everything you need to know about water softeners.
Beginner’s guide to water softeners
A lot of people nowadays are making sure that water softeners are not only installed in their homes but also in their offices to counter the negative effects of hard water. Here are the four popular types of water softeners.
Salt-based water softeners
The salt-based water softener functions on the principle of ion-exchange. The hard water enters the ion-exchange water softener unit via the intake valve before reaching a resin bed. The hard water goes through a series of resin beads or filters on the resin bed. These beads or filters feature a temporary layer of sodium ions. The hard minerals present in hard water, for instance, magnesium, calcium, iron, and manganese are exchanged with the sodium ions on the resin bed.
Sodium ions easily dissolve in water, thus considerably softening the hard water and protecting your pipes and other water-using appliances from lime scale and scum deposition. When the resin bed runs out of sodium ions, backwashing or regeneration is done to replenish the sodium ions. Once backwashing is complete, the beads on the resin bed are coated with a new layer of sodium ions and are ready to soften your hard water once again.
Dual-tank water softener
This water softener model comes with two resin tanks. As one tank regenerates, the other is in use. Thus, water softening takes place continuously without the occasional breaks as in salt-based water softeners.
Salt-free water softener
This water softener backwashes with a potassium chloride rather than sodium chloride. This unit is perfect for people who are concerned about their sodium chloride intake.
Magnetic or electronic water softeners
This plug-in water softening unit sets up an electromagnetic field that changes the magnetic characteristics of hard water minerals like calcium so that they are repelled by each other as well as the pipes.
The severity of hardness in any source of water is measured by Parts Per Million of mineral (PPM) or Grains Per Gallon (GPG). One GPG is equivalent to 17.1 PPM. From a technical point of view, any water that contains 1 GPG is considered to be hard. On the other hand, water with more than 10.5 GPG is classified as very hard.
The easiest way to evade most of the problems associated with hard water is to purchase a water softener. If you want to choose the right water softener from the uncountable models and brands in the market, just follow the guidelines elaborated in this beginner’s guide to water softeners.